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An Act for Preventing the Conspiracy of Slaves. October 30, 1708. New York (Colony), Charles Zebina Lincoln, William H. Johnson, A. Judd Northrup, Albany (NY), and New York (NY), 1894. The Colonial Laws of New York from the Year 1664 to the Revolution: Including the Charters to the Duke of York, the Commissions and Instructions to Colonial Governors, the Duke’s Laws, the Laws of the Dongan and Leisler Assemblies, the Charters of Albany and New York, and the Acts of the Colonial Legislatures from 1691 to 1775 Inclusive. Albany, NY: James B. Lyon, state printer. Vol. 1, Chapter 181, p. 631. 

Army and Navy Chronicle. Vol. 2, no. 8. February 25, 1836, Washington, DC.

Butts v. Penny, 1677.

Calendar of Virginia State Papers. Vol. 10.

Catterall, Helen Tunnicliff, and James J. Hayden, eds. Judicial Cases Concerning American Slavery and the Negro. Vol. 4, Cases from the Courts of New England, the Middle States, and the District of Columbia. New York: Octagon Books, 1968. Original edition, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1936.

Coroner’s Inquest of Adrian Hooglant, April 9, 1712. New York Public Library Manuscripts and Archives section.

Coroner’s Inquest of Augustus Grassett, April 9, 1712. Misc. MSS NYC, Box 4, Manuscripts Collection, New York Historical Society.

Coroner’s Inquest of William Asht, April 9, 1712. Misc. MSS NYC, Box 4, Manuscripts Collection, New York Historical Society.

Dom Regina v. Weekham, 1712. Court of Quarter Sessions, New York.

Grand Jury Indictment, Dom Regina v. Weekham, 1712. In Item 10, Box 4, Misc. Slavery Documents.

Hamlin, Paul M., and Charles E. Baker, eds. Supreme Court of Judicature in New York, 1691–1704. New York: New-York Historical Society, 1952.

Horsmanden, Daniel. Journal of the Proceedings in the Detection of the Conspiracy Formed by Some White People in Conjunction with Negro and Other Slaves for Burning the City of New York in America and Murdering the Inhabitants. New York: James Parker, 1744. Manuscripts Division, New York Public Library.

Howard, John Henry. The Laws of the British Colonies in the West Indies and Other Parts of America, Concerning Real and Personal Property, and Manumission of Slaves; with a View of the Constitution of Each Colony. Vol. 1. Westport, CT: Negro Universities Press. Original edition, William Henry Bond, 1827.

Hurd, John Codman. The Law of Freedom and Bondage in the United States. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968. Original edition, Little, Brown & Co., 1862.

New York (State). New York Colonial Session Laws, Colonial Session Laws. Buffalo, NY: Hein, 1987.

Minutes of the Common Council of the City of New York, 1675–1776. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1905.

Minutes of the Privy Council, September 8, 1712. London Public Record Office, PC 2 a84, page 9.

Minutes of the Quarter Sessions 1694–1731. New York City Municipal Archives, pages 214–241.

Minutes of the Supreme Court of Judicature, 1712. New York City Municipal Archives, pages 399–427.

Newtown (Queens County, NY). Minutes of the Town Courts of Newtown: 1656–1690. New York: The Historical Records Survey, 1940.Seymann, Jerrold. Colonial Charters, Patents, and Grants to the Communities Comprising the City of New York. New York: The Board of Statutory Consolidation of the City of New York, 1939.


Governor Robert Hunter. Letter to the Lords of Trade. June 23 , 1712. Public Records Office, CO5 1091.

Isert, Paul Erdmann. Letters on West Africa and the Slave Trade (Journey to Guinea and the Caribbean Islands in Columbia, 1788). Translated by Selena Axelrod Winsnes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992. 

Lord Cornbury. Letter to the Board of Trade. February 10, 1708. In Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the City of New York, edited by E. B. O’Callaghan, 39. Albany: Weed, Parsons and Company, 1855.


Bandinel, James. Some Account of the Trade in Slaves From Africa as Connected with Europe and America. London: Longman, Brown, and Co., 1842.

Burton, Richard. A Mission to Gelele, King of Dahome. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1966. 

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James Riker Papers. Manuscripts and Archives Division, New York Public Library..

Judd, Northrup. Slavery in New York: A Historical Sketch. Albany: University of the State of New York, 1900.

Philipse, Adolph. Will of Adolph Philipse. Manuscripts Division Collection, New-York Historical Society.

Project, New York City Historical Records Survey. 1940. Town Minutes of Newtown. New York: Historical Records Survey.

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Barbot, Jean. Barbot on Guinea: The Writings of Jean Barbot on West Africa, 1678–1712. Edited by Paul Hair. London: Hakluyt Society, 1992.

Bartram, F. S. Retrographs: Comprising a History of New York City Prior to the Revolution. New York: Yale Publishing Company, 1888.

Bruce, Philip A. The Plantation Negro as a Freeman: Observations on His Character, Condition, and Prospects. Williamstown, MA: Corner House, 1970.

Coffin, Joshua. An Account of Some of the Principal Slave Insurrections, and Others, Which Have Occurred, or Been Attempted, in the United States and Elsewhere, During the Last Two Centuries. New York: American Anti-Slavery Society, 1860.

Donnan, Elizabeth. Documents Illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade to America. Vol. 1. New York: Octagon Books, 1965.

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Irving, Washington. A History of New York from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty by Diedrich Knickerbocker. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1894

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Wheeler, Jacob D. A Practical Treatise on the Law of Slavery: Being a Compilation of All the Decisions Made on That Subject in the Several Courts of the United States and State Courts. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1968. Original edition, New York: Allan Pollock Jr., 1837.

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Boston Weekly News-Letter

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