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Letters

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Morgan, Edmund S. American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1975.

Morgan, Edwin Vernon. “Slavery in New York.” Half-Moon Series 2, no. 1 (January 1898). New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons.

Morrison, Toni. Beloved. New York: Plume, 1988.

Mullin, Michael. Africa in America: Slave Acculturation and Resistance in the American South and the British Caribbean, 1736–1831. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Mullin, Michael, ed. American Negro Slavery: A Documentary History. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1976.

Mulroy, Kevin. Freedom on the Border: The Seminole Maroons in Florida, the Indian Territory, Coahuila, and Texas. Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University Press, 1993.

Mustakeem, Sowande. Slavery At Sea: Terror, Sex and Sickness in the Middle Passage.Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2016.

Nash, Gary B. The Urban Crucible: Social Change, Political Consciousness, and the Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979.

Nell, William Cooper. The Colored Patriots of the Revolution. New York: Arno Press, 1968.

Newbury, C. W. The Western Slave Coast and Its Rulers: European Trade and Administration Among the Yoruba and Adja-Speaking Peoples of South-Western Nigeria, Southern Dahomey, and Togo. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961.

Newman, Marc. “Slavery and Insurrections in the Colonial Provence of New York.” Social Education 59, no. 3 (March 1995): 125–129.

Northrup, David, ed. The Atlantic Slave Trade. 2nd edition, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co, 2002.

Okihiro, Gary Y., ed. In Resistance: Studies in African, Caribbean, and Afro-American History. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1986.

Omi, Michael, and Howard Winant. Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1990s. 2nd edition. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Ottley, Roi and William J. Weatherby. The Negro in New York: An Informal Social History. New York: The New York Public Library, 1967.

Palmer, Colin. Human Cargoes: The British Slave Trade to Spanish America, 1700–1739. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1981.

Patterson, Orlando. Rituals of Blood: Consequences of Slavery in Two American Centuries. New York: Basic Civitas Books, 1998.

Peters, Virginia Bergman. The Florida Wars. Hamdon, CT: Archon Books, 1979.

Phillips, Ulrich B. American Negro Slavery. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.

Plimmer, Charlotte and Denis. The Damn’d Master. London: C. Tinling & Co., 1971.

Porter, Kenneth W. The Black Seminoles: History of a Freedom-Seeking People. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1996.

Price, Richard. Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Quarles, Benjamin. The Negro in the Making of America. New York: Collier-Macmillan, 1969. 

Ransford, Oliver. The Slave Trade: The Story of Transatlantic Slavery. Newton Abbot, UK: Reader’s Union, 1971.

Rawley, James A. The Transatlantic Slave Trade: A History. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1981.

Reiss, Oscar. Blacks in Colonial America. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1997. 

Richardson, David. “Shipboard Revolts, African Authority, and the Atlantic Slave Trade.” William and Mary Quarterly 58, no 1 (January 2001): 69–92.

Riddell, William Renwick. “The Slave in Early New York.” Journal of Negro History 13, no. 1 (January 1928): 53–86.

Roeber, A.G. “Authority, Law, and Custom: The Rituals of Court Day in Tidewater Virginia, 1720-1750.” In Material Life in America 1600-1860, edited by Robert Blair St. George, 419-437. Northeastern University Press, 1998.

Roberts, Dorothy. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York: Vintage, 1998.

Robertson, Claire. “Africa into the Americas? Slavery and Women, the Family, and the Gender Division of Labor.” In More Than Chattel: Black Women and Slavery in the Americas, edited by David Barry Gaspar and Darlene Clark Hine, 3–40. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1996.

Robertson, David. Denmark Vesey: The Buried Story of America’s Largest Slave Rebellion and the Man Who Led It. New York: Vintage Books, 2000.

Robinson, Cedric J. Black Movements in America. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Rodney, Walter. West Africa and the Atlantic Slave-Trade. Historical Association of Tanzania Paper, no. 2. Nairobi: East African Publishing House, 1967.

Rosen, Deborah A. Courts and Commerce: Gender, Law, and the Market Economy in Colonial New York. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1997.

Rothschild, Nan A. New York City Neighborhoods: The 18th Century. New York: Academic Press, 1990.

Rubin, Gayle. “The Traffic in Women: Notes on the ‘Political Economy’ of Sex.” In Toward an Anthropology of Women, edited by Rayna R. Reiter, 157–210. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1975.

Sale, Maggie Montesinos. The Slumbering Volcano: American Slave Ship Revolts and the Production of Rebellious Masculinity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997.

Schwarz-Bart, André. A Woman Named Solitude. Translated by R. Manheim. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2001.

Scott, Henry W. The Courts of the State of New York: Their History, Development, and Jurisdiction. New York: Wilson Publishing, 1909.

Scott, Joan Wallach. Gender and the Politics of History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.

Sharpe, Christina. In The Wake: On Blackness and Being. Durham: Duke University Press, 2016.

Sheinin, David. “Prudence Crandall, Amistad, and Other Episodes in the Dismissal of Connecticut Slave Women from American History.” In Discovering the Women in Slavery: Emancipating Perspectives on the American Past, edited by Patricia Morton, 129–152. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1996.

Sidbury, James. Ploughshares into Swords: Race, Rebellion, and Identity in Gabriel’s Virginia, 1730–1810. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Spillers, Hortense J. “Mama’s Baby, Papa’s Maybe: An American Grammar Book.” In Feminisms: An Anthology of Literary Theory and Criticism, edited by Robyn R. Warhol and Diane Price Herndl, 000–000. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1997. 

Stampp, Kenneth M. The Peculiar Institution: Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South. New York: Vintage Books, 1956.

Taylor, Eric Robert. If We Must Die: Shipboard Insurrections in the Era of the Atlantic Slave Trade. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2006.

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn. 1986. “Black Women in Resistance: A Cross-Cultural Perspective.” In In Resistance.

Thomas, Davis J. “‘These Enemies of Their Own Household’: A Note on the Troublesome Slave Population in Eighteenth-Century New York City.” Journal of the Afro-American Historical And Genealogical Society 5 (1984): 133–147.

Thomas, Hugh. The Slave Trade: The Story of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440–1870. London: Picador, 1997.

Thornton, John K. “African Dimensions of the Stono Rebellion.” American Historical Review 96, no. 4 (October 1991): 1101–1113.

———. “Legitimacy and Political Power: Queen Njinga, 1624–1663.” Journal of African History 32, no. 1 (1991): 25–40.

Trouillot, Michel-Rolph. Silencing the Past: Power and the Production of History. Boston: Beacon Press, 1995.

Wahl, Jenny Bourne. The Bondsman’s Burden: An Economic Analysis of the Common Law of Southern Slavery. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Wallace, Michele. Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman. London: Verso Classics, 1990.

Walvin, James. Black Ivory: A History of British Slavery. Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1994.

Weiner, Marli F. Mistresses and Slaves: Plantation Women in South Carolina, 1830–80. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1998.

Welch, Galraith. Africa Before They Came: The Continent, North, South, East, and West, Preceding the Colonial Powers. New York: Morrow, 1965.

White, Deborah Gray. Ar’n’t I a Woman? Female Slaves in the Plantation South. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1985.

White, Hayden. The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

White, Shane. Somewhat More Independent: The End of Slavery in New York City, 1770–1810. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1991.

Williams, Daniel E. Pillars of Salt: An Anthology of Early American Criminal Narratives. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1993.

Williams, Eric. Capitalism and Slavery. New York: Russell & Russell, 1961.

Williams, Sherley Anne. Dessa Rose. New York: Quill, 1986.

Wing, Adrien Katherine, ed. Critical Race Feminism: A Reader. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

Wood, Betty. Women’s Work, Men’s Work: The Informal Slave Economies of Lowcountry Georgia. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

Wood, Peter H. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 Through the Stono Rebellion. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1996.

Dissertations

Davis, Thomas J. “Slavery in Colonial New York City.” Columbia University, New York, 1974.

Kruger, Vivian L. “Born To Run: The Slave Family in Early New York, 1626–1827.” Columbia University, New York, 1985.

Marshall, Kenneth Edward. “Rebels in Their Midst: A Theoretical Exploration of Gender, Geography, and Consciousness as Related to the Resistance and Survival of Female Slaves in New Jersey.” Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 1995.